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A bazooka team of British Royal Marine commandos watched for enemy tanks

On August 15, 1950, the Far East Command directed the Eighth U.S. Army to employ Korean recruits in American divisions in Korea and in the 7th Infantry Division, which was preparing for movement to Korea. Each company or battery was to receive 100 Koreans. The Koreans were to be part of the ROK Army, to be paid by the ROK government, but they would be fed and equipped by their American unit. Each augmentation soldier was to be paired with an American in a “buddy" system. The 7th Infantry Division, which had been greatly depleted by the three divisions preceding it to Korea, was to receive 8,625 KATUSAs. This large replacement force would arrive at the 7th Division camps in Japan only three weeks before the division’s landing at Inchon.

The program was initially too drastic. Many of the Koreans were simply seized off the streets. To have expected these raw recruits, many just schoolboys who could not speak English, to be ready for combat in three weeks was unrealistic. This hasty program demonstrated its shortcomings during the fighting withdrawal from North Korea a few months later. The KATUSAs were unprepared for combat and could not be effectively used by the 7th Division. Not surprisingly, these poorly trained recruits were easily demoralized and many hid in foxholes, never firing their weapons. Early problems with the KATUSA program contributed to the breakdown of the “buddy system” in some of the American divisions. The 1st Cavalry and the 2nd Infantry Division maintained the buddy arrangement, with American soldiers training the recruits in weapons use and American tactics. In the 24th Division, however, the Koreans were placed in separate squads and platoons. These Korean squads proved effective in specialized tasks such as guarding, scouting and patrolling. They were also employed to move heavy weapons over the tough Korean terrain.

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Source
Sandler, Stanley. The Korean War: An Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing, Inc. (1995)

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Array ( ) ) [module] => menu [hidden] => 0 [external] => 0 [has_children] => 1 [expanded] => 1 [weight] => -47 [depth] => 1 [customized] => 1 [p1] => 363 [p2] => 0 [p3] => 0 [p4] => 0 [p5] => 0 [p6] => 0 [p7] => 0 [p8] => 0 [p9] => 0 [updated] => 0 [load_functions] => a:1:{i:1;s:9:"node_load";} [to_arg_functions] => [access_callback] => node_access [access_arguments] => a:2:{i:0;s:4:"view";i:1;i:1;} [page_callback] => node_page_view [page_arguments] => a:1:{i:0;i:1;} [delivery_callback] => [tab_parent] => [tab_root] => node/% [title] => History [title_callback] => node_page_title [title_arguments] => a:1:{i:0;i:1;} [theme_callback] => [theme_arguments] => a:0:{} [type] => 6 [description] => [in_active_trail] => 1 [access] => 1 [href] => node/261 [localized_options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( [class] => Array ( [0] => active-trail ) ) ) ) [#children] =>
  • History
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  • Testimonials
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[to_arg_functions] => [access_callback] => node_access [access_arguments] => a:2:{i:0;s:4:"view";i:1;i:1;} [page_callback] => node_page_view [page_arguments] => a:1:{i:0;i:1;} [delivery_callback] => [tab_parent] => [tab_root] => node/% [title] => Events [title_callback] => node_page_title [title_arguments] => a:1:{i:0;i:1;} [theme_callback] => [theme_arguments] => a:0:{} [type] => 6 [description] => [in_active_trail] => [access] => 1 [href] => node/435 [localized_options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [1297] => Array ( [#theme] => menu_link__main_menu [#attributes] => Array ( [class] => Array ( [0] => leaf ) ) [#title] => Events Map [#href] => node/952 [#localized_options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( [title] => Events Map ) ) [#below] => Array ( ) [#original_link] => Array ( [menu_name] => main-menu [mlid] => 1297 [plid] => 426 [link_path] => node/952 [router_path] => node/% [link_title] => Events Map [options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( [title] => Events 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Commemoration [#href] => node/1500 [#localized_options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( ) ) [#below] => Array ( [2110] => Array ( [#theme] => menu_link__main_menu [#attributes] => Array ( [class] => Array ( [0] => first [1] => leaf ) ) [#title] => Heroes Remembered [#href] => node/1500 [#localized_options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( ) ) [#below] => Array ( ) [#original_link] => Array ( [menu_name] => main-menu [mlid] => 2110 [plid] => 2105 [link_path] => node/1500 [router_path] => node/% [link_title] => Heroes Remembered [options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( ) ) [module] => menu [hidden] => 0 [external] => 0 [has_children] => 0 [expanded] => 1 [weight] => -20 [depth] => 3 [customized] => 1 [p1] => 426 [p2] => 2105 [p3] => 2110 [p4] => 0 [p5] => 0 [p6] => 0 [p7] => 0 [p8] => 0 [p9] => 0 [updated] => 0 [load_functions] => a:1:{i:1;s:9:"node_load";} [to_arg_functions] => [access_callback] => node_access [access_arguments] => a:2:{i:0;s:4:"view";i:1;i:1;} [page_callback] => node_page_view [page_arguments] => a:1:{i:0;i:1;} [delivery_callback] => [tab_parent] => [tab_root] => node/% [title] => Heroes Remembered [title_callback] => node_page_title [title_arguments] => a:1:{i:0;i:1;} [theme_callback] => [theme_arguments] => a:0:{} [type] => 6 [description] => [in_active_trail] => [access] => 1 [href] => node/1500 [localized_options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [2107] => Array ( [#theme] => menu_link__main_menu [#attributes] => Array ( [class] => Array ( [0] => leaf ) ) [#title] => Letters from Korea [#href] => node/1511 [#localized_options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( ) ) [#below] => Array ( ) [#original_link] => Array ( [menu_name] => main-menu [mlid] => 2107 [plid] => 2105 [link_path] => node/1511 [router_path] => node/% [link_title] => Letters from Korea [options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( ) ) [module] => menu [hidden] => 0 [external] => 0 [has_children] => 0 [expanded] => 0 [weight] => 0 [depth] => 3 [customized] => 0 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2106 [plid] => 2105 [link_path] => node/1513 [router_path] => node/% [link_title] => Twilight Tattoo [options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( ) ) [module] => menu [hidden] => 0 [external] => 0 [has_children] => 0 [expanded] => 1 [weight] => 0 [depth] => 3 [customized] => 1 [p1] => 426 [p2] => 2105 [p3] => 2106 [p4] => 0 [p5] => 0 [p6] => 0 [p7] => 0 [p8] => 0 [p9] => 0 [updated] => 0 [load_functions] => a:1:{i:1;s:9:"node_load";} [to_arg_functions] => [access_callback] => node_access [access_arguments] => a:2:{i:0;s:4:"view";i:1;i:1;} [page_callback] => node_page_view [page_arguments] => a:1:{i:0;i:1;} [delivery_callback] => [tab_parent] => [tab_root] => node/% [title] => Twilight Tattoo [title_callback] => node_page_title [title_arguments] => a:1:{i:0;i:1;} [theme_callback] => [theme_arguments] => a:0:{} [type] => 6 [description] => [in_active_trail] => [access] => 1 [href] => node/1513 [localized_options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [2108] => Array ( [#theme] => menu_link__main_menu [#attributes] => Array ( [class] => Array ( [0] => leaf ) ) [#title] => Marine Corps Parade [#href] => node/1510 [#localized_options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( ) ) [#below] => Array ( ) [#original_link] => Array ( [menu_name] => main-menu [mlid] => 2108 [plid] => 2105 [link_path] => node/1510 [router_path] => node/% [link_title] => Marine Corps Parade [options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( ) ) [module] => menu [hidden] => 0 [external] => 0 [has_children] => 0 [expanded] => 1 [weight] => 20 [depth] => 3 [customized] => 1 [p1] => 426 [p2] => 2105 [p3] => 2108 [p4] => 0 [p5] => 0 [p6] => 0 [p7] => 0 [p8] => 0 [p9] => 0 [updated] => 0 [load_functions] => a:1:{i:1;s:9:"node_load";} [to_arg_functions] => [access_callback] => node_access [access_arguments] => a:2:{i:0;s:4:"view";i:1;i:1;} [page_callback] => node_page_view [page_arguments] => a:1:{i:0;i:1;} [delivery_callback] => [tab_parent] => [tab_root] => node/% [title] => Marine Corps Parade [title_callback] => node_page_title [title_arguments] => a:1:{i:0;i:1;} [theme_callback] => [theme_arguments] => a:0:{} [type] => 6 [description] => [in_active_trail] => [access] => 1 [href] => node/1510 [localized_options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [2109] => Array ( [#theme] => menu_link__main_menu [#attributes] => Array ( [class] => Array ( [0] => last [1] => leaf ) ) [#title] => Operation Reckless [#href] => node/1501 [#localized_options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( ) ) [#below] => Array ( ) [#original_link] => Array ( [menu_name] => main-menu [mlid] => 2109 [plid] => 2105 [link_path] => node/1501 [router_path] => node/% [link_title] => Operation Reckless [options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( ) ) [module] => menu [hidden] => 0 [external] => 0 [has_children] => 0 [expanded] => 1 [weight] => 30 [depth] => 3 [customized] => 1 [p1] => 426 [p2] => 2105 [p3] => 2109 [p4] => 0 [p5] => 0 [p6] => 0 [p7] => 0 [p8] => 0 [p9] => 0 [updated] => 0 [load_functions] 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=> 1 [p1] => 426 [p2] => 2105 [p3] => 0 [p4] => 0 [p5] => 0 [p6] => 0 [p7] => 0 [p8] => 0 [p9] => 0 [updated] => 0 [load_functions] => a:1:{i:1;s:9:"node_load";} [to_arg_functions] => [access_callback] => node_access [access_arguments] => a:2:{i:0;s:4:"view";i:1;i:1;} [page_callback] => node_page_view [page_arguments] => a:1:{i:0;i:1;} [delivery_callback] => [tab_parent] => [tab_root] => node/% [title] => Heroes Remembered, July 27 Commemoration [title_callback] => node_page_title [title_arguments] => a:1:{i:0;i:1;} [theme_callback] => [theme_arguments] => a:0:{} [type] => 6 [description] => [in_active_trail] => [access] => 1 [href] => node/1500 [localized_options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [1885] => Array ( [#theme] => menu_link__main_menu [#attributes] => Array ( [class] => Array ( [0] => last [1] => leaf ) ) [#title] => Pentagon Korean War Exhibit [#href] => node/1486 [#localized_options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( ) ) [#below] => Array ( ) [#original_link] => Array ( [menu_name] => main-menu [mlid] => 1885 [plid] => 426 [link_path] => node/1486 [router_path] => node/% [link_title] => Pentagon Korean War Exhibit [options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( ) ) [module] => menu [hidden] => 0 [external] => 0 [has_children] => 0 [expanded] => 0 [weight] => 30 [depth] => 2 [customized] => 1 [p1] => 426 [p2] => 1885 [p3] => 0 [p4] => 0 [p5] => 0 [p6] => 0 [p7] => 0 [p8] => 0 [p9] => 0 [updated] => 0 [load_functions] => a:1:{i:1;s:9:"node_load";} [to_arg_functions] => [access_callback] => node_access [access_arguments] => a:2:{i:0;s:4:"view";i:1;i:1;} [page_callback] => node_page_view [page_arguments] => a:1:{i:0;i:1;} [delivery_callback] => [tab_parent] => [tab_root] => node/% [title] => Pentagon Korean War Exhibit [title_callback] => node_page_title [title_arguments] => a:1:{i:0;i:1;} [theme_callback] => [theme_arguments] => a:0:{} [type] => 6 [description] => [in_active_trail] => [access] => 1 [href] => node/1486 [localized_options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( ) ) ) ) [#sorted] => 1 [#theme_wrappers] => Array ( [0] => menu_tree__main_menu ) ) [#original_link] => Array ( [menu_name] => main-menu [mlid] => 426 [plid] => 0 [link_path] => node/435 [router_path] => node/% [link_title] => KW60 Events [options] => Array ( [attributes] => Array ( ) ) [module] => menu [hidden] => 0 [external] => 0 [has_children] => 1 [expanded] => 1 [weight] => -45 [depth] => 1 [customized] => 1 [p1] => 426 [p2] => 0 [p3] => 0 [p4] => 0 [p5] => 0 [p6] => 0 [p7] => 0 [p8] => 0 [p9] => 0 [updated] => 0 [load_functions] => a:1:{i:1;s:9:"node_load";} [to_arg_functions] => [access_callback] => node_access [access_arguments] => a:2:{i:0;s:4:"view";i:1;i:1;} [page_callback] => node_page_view [page_arguments] => a:1:{i:0;i:1;} [delivery_callback] => [tab_parent] => [tab_root] => node/% [title] => KW60 Events [title_callback] => node_page_title [title_arguments] => a:1:{i:0;i:1;} [theme_callback] => [theme_arguments] => a:0:{} [type] => 6 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  • KW60 Events
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  • Resources for Scholars
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  • Apps
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  • Contact Us
  • [#printed] => 1 ) [#sorted] => 1 [#theme_wrappers] => Array ( [0] => menu_tree__main_menu [1] => block ) [#contextual_links] => Array ( [menu] => Array ( [0] => admin/structure/menu/manage [1] => Array ( [0] => main-menu ) ) [block] => Array ( [0] => admin/structure/block/manage [1] => Array ( [0] => system [1] => main-menu ) ) ) [#block] => stdClass Object ( [bid] => 95 [module] => system [delta] => main-menu [theme] => kw60_inq [status] => 1 [weight] => -55 [region] => header [custom] => 0 [visibility] => 0 [pages] => [title] => [cache] => -1 [subject] => ) [#weight] => 1 [#children] => [#printed] => 1 ) [#sorted] => 1 [#theme_wrappers] => Array ( [0] => region ) [#region] => header [#printed] => 1 [#children] => ) [sidebar_first] => Array ( [block_17] => Array ( [#markup] => Events News Services Contact Us [#contextual_links] => Array ( [block] => Array ( [0] => admin/structure/block/manage [1] => Array ( [0] => block [1] => 17 ) ) ) [#block] => stdClass Object ( [bid] => 502 [module] => block [delta] => 17 [theme] => kw60_inq [status] => 1 [weight] => -1 [region] => sidebar_first [custom] => 0 [visibility] => 0 [pages] => [title] => [cache] => -1 [subject] => ) [#weight] => 1 [#theme_wrappers] => Array ( [0] => block ) [#type] => markup [#pre_render] => Array ( [0] => drupal_pre_render_markup [1] => ctools_dependent_pre_render ) [#children] => [#printed] => 1 ) [block_3] => Array ( [#markup] => [#contextual_links] => Array ( [block] => Array ( [0] => admin/structure/block/manage [1] => Array ( [0] => block [1] => 3 ) ) ) [#block] => stdClass Object ( [bid] => 100 [module] => block [delta] => 3 [theme] => kw60_inq [status] => 1 [weight] => 0 [region] => sidebar_first [custom] => 0 [visibility] => 0 [pages] => [title] => [cache] => -1 [subject] => ) [#weight] => 2 [#theme_wrappers] => Array ( [0] => block ) [#type] => markup [#pre_render] => Array ( [0] => drupal_pre_render_markup [1] => ctools_dependent_pre_render ) [#children] => [#printed] => 1 ) [#sorted] => 1 [#theme_wrappers] => Array ( [0] => region ) [#region] => sidebar_first [#printed] => 1 [#children] => ) [sidebar_second] => Array ( [block_19] => Array ( [#markup] =>

    Support Oral Histories Certificate Links

    [#contextual_links] => Array ( [block] => Array ( [0] => admin/structure/block/manage [1] => Array ( [0] => block [1] => 19 ) ) ) [#block] => stdClass Object ( [bid] => 508 [module] => block [delta] => 19 [theme] => kw60_inq [status] => 1 [weight] => -52 [region] => sidebar_second [custom] => 0 [visibility] => 0 [pages] => [title] => [cache] => -1 [subject] => ) [#weight] => 1 [#theme_wrappers] => Array ( [0] => block ) [#type] => markup [#pre_render] => Array ( [0] => drupal_pre_render_markup [1] => ctools_dependent_pre_render ) [#children] => [#printed] => 1 ) [block_2] => Array ( [#markup] => [#contextual_links] => Array ( [block] => Array ( [0] => admin/structure/block/manage [1] => Array ( [0] => block [1] => 2 ) ) ) [#block] => stdClass Object ( [bid] => 97 [module] => block [delta] => 2 [theme] => kw60_inq [status] => 1 [weight] => -39 [region] => sidebar_second [custom] => 0 [visibility] => 0 [pages] => [title] => [cache] => -1 [subject] => ) [#weight] => 2 [#theme_wrappers] => Array ( [0] => block ) [#type] => markup [#pre_render] => Array ( [0] => drupal_pre_render_markup [1] => ctools_dependent_pre_render ) [#children] => [#printed] => 1 ) [#sorted] => 1 [#theme_wrappers] => Array ( [0] => region ) [#region] => sidebar_second [#printed] => 1 [#children] => ) [content] => Array ( [system_main] => Array ( [nodes] => Array ( [486] => Array ( [#pre_render] => Array ( [0] => _field_extra_fields_pre_render ) [#entity_type] => node [#bundle] => page [#groups] => Array ( ) [#fieldgroups] => Array ( ) [#group_children] => Array ( ) [#view_mode] => full [#theme] => node [#node] => stdClass Object ( [vid] => 770 [uid] => 9 [title] => Allies [log] => added pullquote [status] => 1 [comment] => 1 [promote] => 0 [sticky] => 0 [vuuid] => bf757787-4e2b-496c-ae98-7655e80ee3c7 [nid] => 486 [type] => page [language] => und [created] => 1332268531 [changed] => 1380549940 [tnid] => 0 [translate] => 0 [uuid] => 2dcb0d0a-7c1f-4a7f-a359-46a4c3ff2e95 [revision_timestamp] => 1380549940 [revision_uid] => 8965 [body] => Array ( [und] => Array ( [0] => Array ( [value] =>

    A bazooka team of British Royal Marine commandos watched for enemy tanks

    On August 15, 1950, the Far East Command directed the Eighth U.S. Army to employ Korean recruits in American divisions in Korea and in the 7th Infantry Division, which was preparing for movement to Korea. Each company or battery was to receive 100 Koreans. The Koreans were to be part of the ROK Army, to be paid by the ROK government, but they would be fed and equipped by their American unit. Each augmentation soldier was to be paired with an American in a “buddy" system. The 7th Infantry Division, which had been greatly depleted by the three divisions preceding it to Korea, was to receive 8,625 KATUSAs. This large replacement force would arrive at the 7th Division camps in Japan only three weeks before the division’s landing at Inchon.

    The program was initially too drastic. Many of the Koreans were simply seized off the streets. To have expected these raw recruits, many just schoolboys who could not speak English, to be ready for combat in three weeks was unrealistic. This hasty program demonstrated its shortcomings during the fighting withdrawal from North Korea a few months later. The KATUSAs were unprepared for combat and could not be effectively used by the 7th Division. Not surprisingly, these poorly trained recruits were easily demoralized and many hid in foxholes, never firing their weapons. Early problems with the KATUSA program contributed to the breakdown of the “buddy system” in some of the American divisions. The 1st Cavalry and the 2nd Infantry Division maintained the buddy arrangement, with American soldiers training the recruits in weapons use and American tactics. In the 24th Division, however, the Koreans were placed in separate squads and platoons. These Korean squads proved effective in specialized tasks such as guarding, scouting and patrolling. They were also employed to move heavy weapons over the tough Korean terrain.[collapsed title=CLICK FOR MORE CONTENT]

    "Approximately 150,000 foreign servicemen fought, and foreign casualties included 3,360 killed, 11,886 wounded and 1,801 servicemen missing in action."

    In addition, they taught American soldiers how to camouflage with straw and natural elements. The reluctance of U.S. units to accept KATUSAs kept the program from reaching its planned level. In June 1951, there were 12,718 Korean augmentation soldiers. However, with improved training, combat effectiveness was enhanced and plans drawn up for expansion. The new goal was to assign 2,500 to each of the eight American divisions, or a total of 27,000. This number was basically reached in late 1952, when 20,000 KATUSAs were in divisions and the remainder in combat support units. When properly trained and supported, the KATUSA and ROK soldiers and units proved equal to U.S. soldiers and units. KATUSA strength declined after the Armistice and in July 1971, following the reduction of U.S. ground forces in Korea, stabilized at about 7,000. The program, however, continues to the present day.

    Summary

    Fifteen foreign nations other than the United States and South Korea sent combat forces to serve in the United Nations Command in Korea during the Korean War. Five noncombatant nations provided hospitals or ambulance units. Approximately 150,000 foreign servicemen fought, and foreign casualties included 3,360 killed, 11,886 wounded and 1,801 servicemen missing in action. There were 1,376 foreign prisoners of war repatriated to 12 countries in 1953.

    Foreign Ground Forces

    Fourteen foreign nations sent ground forces to Korea. Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United Kingdom comprised the British Commonwealth Forces. Belgium, Luxembourg, Colombia, Ethiopia, France, Greece, the Netherlands, the Philippines and Thailand had battalion-sized units attached to U.S. Army divisions; Turkey deployed an infantry brigade.

    Foreign Naval Forces

    Eight foreign nations deployed more than 100 naval vessels to Korean waters, including carriers, destroyers, cruisers, frigates, landing ships, tankers and other utility craft. Foreign naval vessels were assigned by U.S. commanders to Task Force 77, the carrier strike force; Task Force 95, the blockading and escort force; Task Force 90, the amphibious landing force; and Task Force 96, the logistical support force.

    Foreign naval vessels participated in the Inchon landing; the evacuation of United Nations ground forces from Nampo, Hungnam and Wonsan; shore bombardment of North Korea's coastlines; and patrols of the sea lines of communication to South Korea.

    Foreign Air Forces

    Australia's 77th Fighter Squadron was the first foreign unit to arrive in Korea on July 2, 1950. It was attached to the 35th U.S. Fighter Group.

    South Africa's 2nd Fighter Squadron was attached to the U.S. 18th Fighter Group. It provided close air support to U.N. forces.

    Australia, Canada, Greece and Thailand provided air transport units to the United Nations Command.

    Foreign Forces Attached to the U.S. Army in the Korean War

    Foreign Unit Designation U.S. Army Unit Month/Year
    Australian 3d Battalion 1st Cavalry Division Oct 1950
    Belgium-Luxembourg Battalion

    3d Division

    1st Cavalry Division

    3d Division

    Mar 1951

    Oct 1951

    Nov 1951

    Canadian 2d Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry (part of the 27th Commonwealth Brigade) 1st Cavalry Division Feb 1951
    Canadian 25th Brigade, Canadian Army Special Forces 1st Cavalry Division May 1951
    Colombian Battalion

    24th Division

    7th Division

    I Corps (with 7th Division)

    Aug 1951

    Jan 1952

    Dec 1952

    Ethiopian Battalion

    7th Division

    I Corps (with 7th Division)

    Jul 1951

    Dec 1952

    French Battalion

    2d Division

    IX Corps (with 2d Division)

    Nov 1950

    Apr 1953

    Greek Battalion 1st Cavalry Division Dec 1950
    Netherlands Battalion 2d Division Dec 1950

    New Zealand

    16th Field Artillery Regiment

    24th Division Oct 1950
    Philippine
    l0th Battalion Combat Team
    25th Division

    187th Airborne Regiment Combat Team

    1st Cavalry

    Eighth Army

    3d Division

    Oct 1950

    Nov 1950

    Dec 1950

    Jan 1950

    Mar 1951

    Philippine
    20th Battalion Combat Team
    3d Division

    25th Division

    3d Division

    25th Division

    Sep 1951

    Oct 1951

    Nov 1951

    Apr 1952

    Thailand 21st Regiment

    187th Airborne Regiment

    I Corps

    IX Corps

    1st Cavalry Division

    3d Division

    2d Division

    Nov 1950

    Dec 1950

    Jan 1951

    Mar 1951

    Mar 1951

    Dec 1951

    Turkish Brigade 25th Division Nov 1950
    United Kingdom 27th Brigade I Corps Sep 1950
    27th Brigade (with Australian Battalion and New Zealand Artillery Regiment 24th Division Oct 1950
    United Kingdom 29th Brigade

    IX Corps

    25th Division

    IX Corps

    3d Division

    Nov 1950

    Feb 1951

    Mar 1951

    Apr 1951

    1st British Commonwealth Division I Corps Jul 1951

    [/collapsed]

    Allies Galleries

     

    Source
    Sandler, Stanley. The Korean War: An Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing, Inc. (1995)

    Back to Top

    [summary] => [format] => full_html [safe_value] =>

    A bazooka team of British Royal Marine commandos watched for enemy tanks

    On August 15, 1950, the Far East Command directed the Eighth U.S. Army to employ Korean recruits in American divisions in Korea and in the 7th Infantry Division, which was preparing for movement to Korea. Each company or battery was to receive 100 Koreans. The Koreans were to be part of the ROK Army, to be paid by the ROK government, but they would be fed and equipped by their American unit. Each augmentation soldier was to be paired with an American in a “buddy" system. The 7th Infantry Division, which had been greatly depleted by the three divisions preceding it to Korea, was to receive 8,625 KATUSAs. This large replacement force would arrive at the 7th Division camps in Japan only three weeks before the division’s landing at Inchon.

    The program was initially too drastic. Many of the Koreans were simply seized off the streets. To have expected these raw recruits, many just schoolboys who could not speak English, to be ready for combat in three weeks was unrealistic. This hasty program demonstrated its shortcomings during the fighting withdrawal from North Korea a few months later. The KATUSAs were unprepared for combat and could not be effectively used by the 7th Division. Not surprisingly, these poorly trained recruits were easily demoralized and many hid in foxholes, never firing their weapons. Early problems with the KATUSA program contributed to the breakdown of the “buddy system” in some of the American divisions. The 1st Cavalry and the 2nd Infantry Division maintained the buddy arrangement, with American soldiers training the recruits in weapons use and American tactics. In the 24th Division, however, the Koreans were placed in separate squads and platoons. These Korean squads proved effective in specialized tasks such as guarding, scouting and patrolling. They were also employed to move heavy weapons over the tough Korean terrain.

    Allies Galleries

     

    Source
    Sandler, Stanley. The Korean War: An Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing, Inc. (1995)

    Back to Top

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    A bazooka team of British Royal Marine commandos watched for enemy tanks

    On August 15, 1950, the Far East Command directed the Eighth U.S. Army to employ Korean recruits in American divisions in Korea and in the 7th Infantry Division, which was preparing for movement to Korea. Each company or battery was to receive 100 Koreans. The Koreans were to be part of the ROK Army, to be paid by the ROK government, but they would be fed and equipped by their American unit. Each augmentation soldier was to be paired with an American in a “buddy" system. The 7th Infantry Division, which had been greatly depleted by the three divisions preceding it to Korea, was to receive 8,625 KATUSAs. This large replacement force would arrive at the 7th Division camps in Japan only three weeks before the division’s landing at Inchon.

    The program was initially too drastic. Many of the Koreans were simply seized off the streets. To have expected these raw recruits, many just schoolboys who could not speak English, to be ready for combat in three weeks was unrealistic. This hasty program demonstrated its shortcomings during the fighting withdrawal from North Korea a few months later. The KATUSAs were unprepared for combat and could not be effectively used by the 7th Division. Not surprisingly, these poorly trained recruits were easily demoralized and many hid in foxholes, never firing their weapons. Early problems with the KATUSA program contributed to the breakdown of the “buddy system” in some of the American divisions. The 1st Cavalry and the 2nd Infantry Division maintained the buddy arrangement, with American soldiers training the recruits in weapons use and American tactics. In the 24th Division, however, the Koreans were placed in separate squads and platoons. These Korean squads proved effective in specialized tasks such as guarding, scouting and patrolling. They were also employed to move heavy weapons over the tough Korean terrain.[collapsed title=CLICK FOR MORE CONTENT]

    "Approximately 150,000 foreign servicemen fought, and foreign casualties included 3,360 killed, 11,886 wounded and 1,801 servicemen missing in action."

    In addition, they taught American soldiers how to camouflage with straw and natural elements. The reluctance of U.S. units to accept KATUSAs kept the program from reaching its planned level. In June 1951, there were 12,718 Korean augmentation soldiers. However, with improved training, combat effectiveness was enhanced and plans drawn up for expansion. The new goal was to assign 2,500 to each of the eight American divisions, or a total of 27,000. This number was basically reached in late 1952, when 20,000 KATUSAs were in divisions and the remainder in combat support units. When properly trained and supported, the KATUSA and ROK soldiers and units proved equal to U.S. soldiers and units. KATUSA strength declined after the Armistice and in July 1971, following the reduction of U.S. ground forces in Korea, stabilized at about 7,000. The program, however, continues to the present day.

    Summary

    Fifteen foreign nations other than the United States and South Korea sent combat forces to serve in the United Nations Command in Korea during the Korean War. Five noncombatant nations provided hospitals or ambulance units. Approximately 150,000 foreign servicemen fought, and foreign casualties included 3,360 killed, 11,886 wounded and 1,801 servicemen missing in action. There were 1,376 foreign prisoners of war repatriated to 12 countries in 1953.

    Foreign Ground Forces

    Fourteen foreign nations sent ground forces to Korea. Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United Kingdom comprised the British Commonwealth Forces. Belgium, Luxembourg, Colombia, Ethiopia, France, Greece, the Netherlands, the Philippines and Thailand had battalion-sized units attached to U.S. Army divisions; Turkey deployed an infantry brigade.

    Foreign Naval Forces

    Eight foreign nations deployed more than 100 naval vessels to Korean waters, including carriers, destroyers, cruisers, frigates, landing ships, tankers and other utility craft. Foreign naval vessels were assigned by U.S. commanders to Task Force 77, the carrier strike force; Task Force 95, the blockading and escort force; Task Force 90, the amphibious landing force; and Task Force 96, the logistical support force.

    Foreign naval vessels participated in the Inchon landing; the evacuation of United Nations ground forces from Nampo, Hungnam and Wonsan; shore bombardment of North Korea's coastlines; and patrols of the sea lines of communication to South Korea.

    Foreign Air Forces

    Australia's 77th Fighter Squadron was the first foreign unit to arrive in Korea on July 2, 1950. It was attached to the 35th U.S. Fighter Group.

    South Africa's 2nd Fighter Squadron was attached to the U.S. 18th Fighter Group. It provided close air support to U.N. forces.

    Australia, Canada, Greece and Thailand provided air transport units to the United Nations Command.

    Foreign Forces Attached to the U.S. Army in the Korean War

    Foreign Unit Designation U.S. Army Unit Month/Year
    Australian 3d Battalion 1st Cavalry Division Oct 1950
    Belgium-Luxembourg Battalion

    3d Division

    1st Cavalry Division

    3d Division

    Mar 1951

    Oct 1951

    Nov 1951

    Canadian 2d Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry (part of the 27th Commonwealth Brigade) 1st Cavalry Division Feb 1951
    Canadian 25th Brigade, Canadian Army Special Forces 1st Cavalry Division May 1951
    Colombian Battalion

    24th Division

    7th Division

    I Corps (with 7th Division)

    Aug 1951

    Jan 1952

    Dec 1952

    Ethiopian Battalion

    7th Division

    I Corps (with 7th Division)

    Jul 1951

    Dec 1952

    French Battalion

    2d Division

    IX Corps (with 2d Division)

    Nov 1950

    Apr 1953

    Greek Battalion 1st Cavalry Division Dec 1950
    Netherlands Battalion 2d Division Dec 1950

    New Zealand

    16th Field Artillery Regiment

    24th Division Oct 1950
    Philippine
    l0th Battalion Combat Team
    25th Division

    187th Airborne Regiment Combat Team

    1st Cavalry

    Eighth Army

    3d Division

    Oct 1950

    Nov 1950

    Dec 1950

    Jan 1950

    Mar 1951

    Philippine
    20th Battalion Combat Team
    3d Division

    25th Division

    3d Division

    25th Division

    Sep 1951

    Oct 1951

    Nov 1951

    Apr 1952

    Thailand 21st Regiment

    187th Airborne Regiment

    I Corps

    IX Corps

    1st Cavalry Division

    3d Division

    2d Division

    Nov 1950

    Dec 1950

    Jan 1951

    Mar 1951

    Mar 1951

    Dec 1951

    Turkish Brigade 25th Division Nov 1950
    United Kingdom 27th Brigade I Corps Sep 1950
    27th Brigade (with Australian Battalion and New Zealand Artillery Regiment 24th Division Oct 1950
    United Kingdom 29th Brigade

    IX Corps

    25th Division

    IX Corps

    3d Division

    Nov 1950

    Feb 1951

    Mar 1951

    Apr 1951

    1st British Commonwealth Division I Corps Jul 1951

    [/collapsed]

    Allies Galleries

     

    Source
    Sandler, Stanley. The Korean War: An Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing, Inc. (1995)

    Back to Top

    [summary] => [format] => full_html [safe_value] =>

    A bazooka team of British Royal Marine commandos watched for enemy tanks

    On August 15, 1950, the Far East Command directed the Eighth U.S. Army to employ Korean recruits in American divisions in Korea and in the 7th Infantry Division, which was preparing for movement to Korea. Each company or battery was to receive 100 Koreans. The Koreans were to be part of the ROK Army, to be paid by the ROK government, but they would be fed and equipped by their American unit. Each augmentation soldier was to be paired with an American in a “buddy" system. The 7th Infantry Division, which had been greatly depleted by the three divisions preceding it to Korea, was to receive 8,625 KATUSAs. This large replacement force would arrive at the 7th Division camps in Japan only three weeks before the division’s landing at Inchon.

    The program was initially too drastic. Many of the Koreans were simply seized off the streets. To have expected these raw recruits, many just schoolboys who could not speak English, to be ready for combat in three weeks was unrealistic. This hasty program demonstrated its shortcomings during the fighting withdrawal from North Korea a few months later. The KATUSAs were unprepared for combat and could not be effectively used by the 7th Division. Not surprisingly, these poorly trained recruits were easily demoralized and many hid in foxholes, never firing their weapons. Early problems with the KATUSA program contributed to the breakdown of the “buddy system” in some of the American divisions. The 1st Cavalry and the 2nd Infantry Division maintained the buddy arrangement, with American soldiers training the recruits in weapons use and American tactics. In the 24th Division, however, the Koreans were placed in separate squads and platoons. These Korean squads proved effective in specialized tasks such as guarding, scouting and patrolling. They were also employed to move heavy weapons over the tough Korean terrain.

    Allies Galleries

     

    Source
    Sandler, Stanley. The Korean War: An Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing, Inc. (1995)

    Back to Top

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    A bazooka team of British Royal Marine commandos watched for enemy tanks

    On August 15, 1950, the Far East Command directed the Eighth U.S. Army to employ Korean recruits in American divisions in Korea and in the 7th Infantry Division, which was preparing for movement to Korea. Each company or battery was to receive 100 Koreans. The Koreans were to be part of the ROK Army, to be paid by the ROK government, but they would be fed and equipped by their American unit. Each augmentation soldier was to be paired with an American in a “buddy" system. The 7th Infantry Division, which had been greatly depleted by the three divisions preceding it to Korea, was to receive 8,625 KATUSAs. This large replacement force would arrive at the 7th Division camps in Japan only three weeks before the division’s landing at Inchon.

    The program was initially too drastic. Many of the Koreans were simply seized off the streets. To have expected these raw recruits, many just schoolboys who could not speak English, to be ready for combat in three weeks was unrealistic. This hasty program demonstrated its shortcomings during the fighting withdrawal from North Korea a few months later. The KATUSAs were unprepared for combat and could not be effectively used by the 7th Division. Not surprisingly, these poorly trained recruits were easily demoralized and many hid in foxholes, never firing their weapons. Early problems with the KATUSA program contributed to the breakdown of the “buddy system” in some of the American divisions. The 1st Cavalry and the 2nd Infantry Division maintained the buddy arrangement, with American soldiers training the recruits in weapons use and American tactics. In the 24th Division, however, the Koreans were placed in separate squads and platoons. These Korean squads proved effective in specialized tasks such as guarding, scouting and patrolling. They were also employed to move heavy weapons over the tough Korean terrain.[collapsed title=CLICK FOR MORE CONTENT]

    "Approximately 150,000 foreign servicemen fought, and foreign casualties included 3,360 killed, 11,886 wounded and 1,801 servicemen missing in action."

    In addition, they taught American soldiers how to camouflage with straw and natural elements. The reluctance of U.S. units to accept KATUSAs kept the program from reaching its planned level. In June 1951, there were 12,718 Korean augmentation soldiers. However, with improved training, combat effectiveness was enhanced and plans drawn up for expansion. The new goal was to assign 2,500 to each of the eight American divisions, or a total of 27,000. This number was basically reached in late 1952, when 20,000 KATUSAs were in divisions and the remainder in combat support units. When properly trained and supported, the KATUSA and ROK soldiers and units proved equal to U.S. soldiers and units. KATUSA strength declined after the Armistice and in July 1971, following the reduction of U.S. ground forces in Korea, stabilized at about 7,000. The program, however, continues to the present day.

    Summary

    Fifteen foreign nations other than the United States and South Korea sent combat forces to serve in the United Nations Command in Korea during the Korean War. Five noncombatant nations provided hospitals or ambulance units. Approximately 150,000 foreign servicemen fought, and foreign casualties included 3,360 killed, 11,886 wounded and 1,801 servicemen missing in action. There were 1,376 foreign prisoners of war repatriated to 12 countries in 1953.

    Foreign Ground Forces

    Fourteen foreign nations sent ground forces to Korea. Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the United Kingdom comprised the British Commonwealth Forces. Belgium, Luxembourg, Colombia, Ethiopia, France, Greece, the Netherlands, the Philippines and Thailand had battalion-sized units attached to U.S. Army divisions; Turkey deployed an infantry brigade.

    Foreign Naval Forces

    Eight foreign nations deployed more than 100 naval vessels to Korean waters, including carriers, destroyers, cruisers, frigates, landing ships, tankers and other utility craft. Foreign naval vessels were assigned by U.S. commanders to Task Force 77, the carrier strike force; Task Force 95, the blockading and escort force; Task Force 90, the amphibious landing force; and Task Force 96, the logistical support force.

    Foreign naval vessels participated in the Inchon landing; the evacuation of United Nations ground forces from Nampo, Hungnam and Wonsan; shore bombardment of North Korea's coastlines; and patrols of the sea lines of communication to South Korea.

    Foreign Air Forces

    Australia's 77th Fighter Squadron was the first foreign unit to arrive in Korea on July 2, 1950. It was attached to the 35th U.S. Fighter Group.

    South Africa's 2nd Fighter Squadron was attached to the U.S. 18th Fighter Group. It provided close air support to U.N. forces.

    Australia, Canada, Greece and Thailand provided air transport units to the United Nations Command.

    Foreign Forces Attached to the U.S. Army in the Korean War

    Foreign Unit Designation U.S. Army Unit Month/Year
    Australian 3d Battalion 1st Cavalry Division Oct 1950
    Belgium-Luxembourg Battalion

    3d Division

    1st Cavalry Division

    3d Division

    Mar 1951

    Oct 1951

    Nov 1951

    Canadian 2d Battalion, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry (part of the 27th Commonwealth Brigade) 1st Cavalry Division Feb 1951
    Canadian 25th Brigade, Canadian Army Special Forces 1st Cavalry Division May 1951
    Colombian Battalion

    24th Division

    7th Division

    I Corps (with 7th Division)

    Aug 1951

    Jan 1952

    Dec 1952

    Ethiopian Battalion

    7th Division

    I Corps (with 7th Division)

    Jul 1951

    Dec 1952

    French Battalion

    2d Division

    IX Corps (with 2d Division)

    Nov 1950

    Apr 1953

    Greek Battalion 1st Cavalry Division Dec 1950
    Netherlands Battalion 2d Division Dec 1950

    New Zealand

    16th Field Artillery Regiment

    24th Division Oct 1950
    Philippine
    l0th Battalion Combat Team
    25th Division

    187th Airborne Regiment Combat Team

    1st Cavalry

    Eighth Army

    3d Division

    Oct 1950

    Nov 1950

    Dec 1950

    Jan 1950

    Mar 1951

    Philippine
    20th Battalion Combat Team
    3d Division

    25th Division

    3d Division

    25th Division

    Sep 1951

    Oct 1951

    Nov 1951

    Apr 1952

    Thailand 21st Regiment

    187th Airborne Regiment

    I Corps

    IX Corps

    1st Cavalry Division

    3d Division

    2d Division

    Nov 1950

    Dec 1950

    Jan 1951

    Mar 1951

    Mar 1951

    Dec 1951

    Turkish Brigade 25th Division Nov 1950
    United Kingdom 27th Brigade I Corps Sep 1950
    27th Brigade (with Australian Battalion and New Zealand Artillery Regiment 24th Division Oct 1950
    United Kingdom 29th Brigade

    IX Corps

    25th Division

    IX Corps

    3d Division

    Nov 1950

    Feb 1951

    Mar 1951

    Apr 1951

    1st British Commonwealth Division I Corps Jul 1951

    [/collapsed]

    Allies Galleries

     

    Source
    Sandler, Stanley. The Korean War: An Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing, Inc. (1995)

    Back to Top

    [summary] => [format] => full_html [safe_value] =>

    A bazooka team of British Royal Marine commandos watched for enemy tanks

    On August 15, 1950, the Far East Command directed the Eighth U.S. Army to employ Korean recruits in American divisions in Korea and in the 7th Infantry Division, which was preparing for movement to Korea. Each company or battery was to receive 100 Koreans. The Koreans were to be part of the ROK Army, to be paid by the ROK government, but they would be fed and equipped by their American unit. Each augmentation soldier was to be paired with an American in a “buddy" system. The 7th Infantry Division, which had been greatly depleted by the three divisions preceding it to Korea, was to receive 8,625 KATUSAs. This large replacement force would arrive at the 7th Division camps in Japan only three weeks before the division’s landing at Inchon.

    The program was initially too drastic. Many of the Koreans were simply seized off the streets. To have expected these raw recruits, many just schoolboys who could not speak English, to be ready for combat in three weeks was unrealistic. This hasty program demonstrated its shortcomings during the fighting withdrawal from North Korea a few months later. The KATUSAs were unprepared for combat and could not be effectively used by the 7th Division. Not surprisingly, these poorly trained recruits were easily demoralized and many hid in foxholes, never firing their weapons. Early problems with the KATUSA program contributed to the breakdown of the “buddy system” in some of the American divisions. The 1st Cavalry and the 2nd Infantry Division maintained the buddy arrangement, with American soldiers training the recruits in weapons use and American tactics. In the 24th Division, however, the Koreans were placed in separate squads and platoons. These Korean squads proved effective in specialized tasks such as guarding, scouting and patrolling. They were also employed to move heavy weapons over the tough Korean terrain.

    Allies Galleries

     

    Source
    Sandler, Stanley. The Korean War: An Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing, Inc. (1995)

    Back to Top

    [safe_summary] => ) ) [#formatter] => text_default [0] => Array ( [#markup] =>

    A bazooka team of British Royal Marine commandos watched for enemy tanks

    On August 15, 1950, the Far East Command directed the Eighth U.S. Army to employ Korean recruits in American divisions in Korea and in the 7th Infantry Division, which was preparing for movement to Korea. Each company or battery was to receive 100 Koreans. The Koreans were to be part of the ROK Army, to be paid by the ROK government, but they would be fed and equipped by their American unit. Each augmentation soldier was to be paired with an American in a “buddy" system. The 7th Infantry Division, which had been greatly depleted by the three divisions preceding it to Korea, was to receive 8,625 KATUSAs. This large replacement force would arrive at the 7th Division camps in Japan only three weeks before the division’s landing at Inchon.

    The program was initially too drastic. Many of the Koreans were simply seized off the streets. To have expected these raw recruits, many just schoolboys who could not speak English, to be ready for combat in three weeks was unrealistic. This hasty program demonstrated its shortcomings during the fighting withdrawal from North Korea a few months later. The KATUSAs were unprepared for combat and could not be effectively used by the 7th Division. Not surprisingly, these poorly trained recruits were easily demoralized and many hid in foxholes, never firing their weapons. Early problems with the KATUSA program contributed to the breakdown of the “buddy system” in some of the American divisions. The 1st Cavalry and the 2nd Infantry Division maintained the buddy arrangement, with American soldiers training the recruits in weapons use and American tactics. In the 24th Division, however, the Koreans were placed in separate squads and platoons. These Korean squads proved effective in specialized tasks such as guarding, scouting and patrolling. They were also employed to move heavy weapons over the tough Korean terrain.

    Allies Galleries

     

    Source
    Sandler, Stanley. The Korean War: An Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing, Inc. (1995)

    Back to Top

    ) ) [#sorted] => 1 [#children] =>

    A bazooka team of British Royal Marine commandos watched for enemy tanks

    On August 15, 1950, the Far East Command directed the Eighth U.S. Army to employ Korean recruits in American divisions in Korea and in the 7th Infantry Division, which was preparing for movement to Korea. Each company or battery was to receive 100 Koreans. The Koreans were to be part of the ROK Army, to be paid by the ROK government, but they would be fed and equipped by their American unit. Each augmentation soldier was to be paired with an American in a “buddy" system. The 7th Infantry Division, which had been greatly depleted by the three divisions preceding it to Korea, was to receive 8,625 KATUSAs. This large replacement force would arrive at the 7th Division camps in Japan only three weeks before the division’s landing at Inchon.

    The program was initially too drastic. Many of the Koreans were simply seized off the streets. To have expected these raw recruits, many just schoolboys who could not speak English, to be ready for combat in three weeks was unrealistic. This hasty program demonstrated its shortcomings during the fighting withdrawal from North Korea a few months later. The KATUSAs were unprepared for combat and could not be effectively used by the 7th Division. Not surprisingly, these poorly trained recruits were easily demoralized and many hid in foxholes, never firing their weapons. Early problems with the KATUSA program contributed to the breakdown of the “buddy system” in some of the American divisions. The 1st Cavalry and the 2nd Infantry Division maintained the buddy arrangement, with American soldiers training the recruits in weapons use and American tactics. In the 24th Division, however, the Koreans were placed in separate squads and platoons. These Korean squads proved effective in specialized tasks such as guarding, scouting and patrolling. They were also employed to move heavy weapons over the tough Korean terrain.

    Allies Galleries

     

    Source
    Sandler, Stanley. The Korean War: An Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing, Inc. (1995)

    Back to Top

    [#printed] => 1 ) [#sorted] => 1 [#children] =>

    A bazooka team of British Royal Marine commandos watched for enemy tanks

    On August 15, 1950, the Far East Command directed the Eighth U.S. Army to employ Korean recruits in American divisions in Korea and in the 7th Infantry Division, which was preparing for movement to Korea. Each company or battery was to receive 100 Koreans. The Koreans were to be part of the ROK Army, to be paid by the ROK government, but they would be fed and equipped by their American unit. Each augmentation soldier was to be paired with an American in a “buddy" system. The 7th Infantry Division, which had been greatly depleted by the three divisions preceding it to Korea, was to receive 8,625 KATUSAs. This large replacement force would arrive at the 7th Division camps in Japan only three weeks before the division’s landing at Inchon.

    The program was initially too drastic. Many of the Koreans were simply seized off the streets. To have expected these raw recruits, many just schoolboys who could not speak English, to be ready for combat in three weeks was unrealistic. This hasty program demonstrated its shortcomings during the fighting withdrawal from North Korea a few months later. The KATUSAs were unprepared for combat and could not be effectively used by the 7th Division. Not surprisingly, these poorly trained recruits were easily demoralized and many hid in foxholes, never firing their weapons. Early problems with the KATUSA program contributed to the breakdown of the “buddy system” in some of the American divisions. The 1st Cavalry and the 2nd Infantry Division maintained the buddy arrangement, with American soldiers training the recruits in weapons use and American tactics. In the 24th Division, however, the Koreans were placed in separate squads and platoons. These Korean squads proved effective in specialized tasks such as guarding, scouting and patrolling. They were also employed to move heavy weapons over the tough Korean terrain.

    Allies Galleries

     

    Source
    Sandler, Stanley. The Korean War: An Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing, Inc. (1995)

    Back to Top

    [#printed] => 1 ) [#block] => stdClass Object ( [bid] => 92 [module] => system [delta] => main [theme] => kw60_inq [status] => 1 [weight] => -52 [region] => content [custom] => 0 [visibility] => 0 [pages] => [title] => [cache] => -1 [subject] => ) [#weight] => 1 [#theme_wrappers] => Array ( [0] => block ) [#children] =>

    A bazooka team of British Royal Marine commandos watched for enemy tanks

    On August 15, 1950, the Far East Command directed the Eighth U.S. Army to employ Korean recruits in American divisions in Korea and in the 7th Infantry Division, which was preparing for movement to Korea. Each company or battery was to receive 100 Koreans. The Koreans were to be part of the ROK Army, to be paid by the ROK government, but they would be fed and equipped by their American unit. Each augmentation soldier was to be paired with an American in a “buddy" system. The 7th Infantry Division, which had been greatly depleted by the three divisions preceding it to Korea, was to receive 8,625 KATUSAs. This large replacement force would arrive at the 7th Division camps in Japan only three weeks before the division’s landing at Inchon.

    The program was initially too drastic. Many of the Koreans were simply seized off the streets. To have expected these raw recruits, many just schoolboys who could not speak English, to be ready for combat in three weeks was unrealistic. This hasty program demonstrated its shortcomings during the fighting withdrawal from North Korea a few months later. The KATUSAs were unprepared for combat and could not be effectively used by the 7th Division. Not surprisingly, these poorly trained recruits were easily demoralized and many hid in foxholes, never firing their weapons. Early problems with the KATUSA program contributed to the breakdown of the “buddy system” in some of the American divisions. The 1st Cavalry and the 2nd Infantry Division maintained the buddy arrangement, with American soldiers training the recruits in weapons use and American tactics. In the 24th Division, however, the Koreans were placed in separate squads and platoons. These Korean squads proved effective in specialized tasks such as guarding, scouting and patrolling. They were also employed to move heavy weapons over the tough Korean terrain.

    Allies Galleries

     

    Source
    Sandler, Stanley. The Korean War: An Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing, Inc. (1995)

    Back to Top

    [#printed] => 1 ) [#sorted] => 1 [#theme_wrappers] => Array ( [0] => region ) [#region] => content [#printed] => 1 [#children] =>

    A bazooka team of British Royal Marine commandos watched for enemy tanks

    On August 15, 1950, the Far East Command directed the Eighth U.S. Army to employ Korean recruits in American divisions in Korea and in the 7th Infantry Division, which was preparing for movement to Korea. Each company or battery was to receive 100 Koreans. The Koreans were to be part of the ROK Army, to be paid by the ROK government, but they would be fed and equipped by their American unit. Each augmentation soldier was to be paired with an American in a “buddy" system. The 7th Infantry Division, which had been greatly depleted by the three divisions preceding it to Korea, was to receive 8,625 KATUSAs. This large replacement force would arrive at the 7th Division camps in Japan only three weeks before the division’s landing at Inchon.

    The program was initially too drastic. Many of the Koreans were simply seized off the streets. To have expected these raw recruits, many just schoolboys who could not speak English, to be ready for combat in three weeks was unrealistic. This hasty program demonstrated its shortcomings during the fighting withdrawal from North Korea a few months later. The KATUSAs were unprepared for combat and could not be effectively used by the 7th Division. Not surprisingly, these poorly trained recruits were easily demoralized and many hid in foxholes, never firing their weapons. Early problems with the KATUSA program contributed to the breakdown of the “buddy system” in some of the American divisions. The 1st Cavalry and the 2nd Infantry Division maintained the buddy arrangement, with American soldiers training the recruits in weapons use and American tactics. In the 24th Division, however, the Koreans were placed in separate squads and platoons. These Korean squads proved effective in specialized tasks such as guarding, scouting and patrolling. They were also employed to move heavy weapons over the tough Korean terrain.

    Allies Galleries

     

    Source
    Sandler, Stanley. The Korean War: An Encyclopedia. Garland Publishing, Inc. (1995)

    Back to Top

    ) [footer] => Array ( [block_7] => Array ( [#markup] =>
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    Share

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    Channel

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  • FAQ
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