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Biographies

Chiang Kal-shek

After the death of Sun Yat-sen, Chiang assumed leadership of the Nationalist Party. Chiang offered to send his troops to fight in Korea, an idea supported by General Douglas MacArthur however no Nationalist forces ever fought in Korea.

Mark W. Clark

General Mark Wayne Clark served as commander of United Nations (U.N) forces in Korea from May 12, 1952, to October 7, 1953.

J Lawton Collins

He was considered by his contemporaries both a soldier's soldier and a general's general, and enjoyed an outstanding reputation as a combat officer and as a first-rate military planner and administrator. Prior to the North Korean attack, Collins joined the other chiefs in the assessment that Korea was not of strategic importance to the U.S.

John Foster Dulles

He is known today primarily for his tenure as secretary of state under President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Dulls constructed many elements of U.S. Cold War policy and initiatives, such as the Japanese Peace Treaty and the Central Treaty Organization (CENTO).

Dwight David “Ike” Eisenhower

American Soldier, leader of Allied Forces in Europe during World War II, and 34th president of the United States. As part of the great rearmament buildup in the wake of the Korean War, President Harry S. Truman appointed Eisenhower to command the forces of NATO.

Douglas MacArthur

General Douglas MacArthur, was commander of Allied Forces in the Southwest Pacific during World War II, commander of the Allied Forces during the occupation of Japan, and commander of United Nations (U.N.) forces during the first nine months of the Korean War.

Mao Tse-tung

The Chinese Communist leader, took part in the May Fourth Movement of 1919, and in 1921, was one of the creators of the Chinese Communist Party.  When U.N. Forces reversed the course of the Korean War, Mao decided to intervene.

George C. Marshall

General of the Army George Catlett Marshall, if not America’s greatest soldier, was one of the nation’s most capable. Truman persuaded him to come out of retirement to replace Defense Secretary Louis Johnson, as a result of U.S. reverses and lack of military preparedness in the early days of the war in Korea.

Frank Pace Jr.

At the age of 36, he was named by President Harry S. Truman to be director of the BOB. In that position he quickly emerged as one of the rising stars of the Truman administration.

Paik Sun Yup

Paik Sun Yup served as Republic of Korea (ROK) Army Division and Corps Commander and Army Chief of Staff during the Korean War.

Syngman Rhee

The first president of the Republic of Korea (ROK). His election marks the beginning of democracy for ROK.

Matthew Bunker Ridgway

A study of incredible military success, General Ridgway took a war that was on the threshold of defeat and by personal will and intelligence turned it to success.

Harry S. Truman

Truman served as President of the United States 1945 through 1953. His second term was dominated by the rise of Communist power in Asia and the Korean War.

Hoyt S. Vandenberg

When war came to Korea in the summer of 1950, Vandenberg was a supportive but less than enthusiastic advocate of U.S. involvement. His caution rested primarily on a conviction that the Soviet Union was using the Korean theater as a diversionary operation for an ultimate attack on Europe.

James A. Van Fleet

After duty as commander of the Second Army in the United States, Van Fleet was sent to Korea in April 1951, to command the American Eighth Army as the replacement for General Matthew B. Ridgway.

Walton H. Walker

As commander of the Eighth Army in the early part of the Korean War conflict, he successfully conducted the defense of the Pusan Perimeter.